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ganesh shankar vidyarthi wikipedia

(O Lord Ganapati!) Media in category "Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi award" The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total. (That is to say, You are all this). Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthe Memorial Medical College ( Kanpur) Type: Public: Established: 24 April 1956: Academic affiliation. [147] In addition, several shrines are dedicated to Ganesha himself, of which the Ashtavinayak (Sanskrit: अष्टविनायक; aṣṭavināyaka; lit. The evidence for more ancient Ganesha, suggests Narain, may reside outside Brahmanic or Sanskritic traditions, or outside geocultural boundaries of India. An annual festival honours Ganesha for ten days, starting on Ganesha Chaturthi, which typically falls in late August or early September. [100] The word priya can mean "fond of", and in a marital context it can mean "lover" or "husband",[101] so the name may mean either "Fond of Intelligence" or "Buddhi's Husband". [215] The earliest inscription invoking Ganesha before any other deity is associated with the merchant community. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi was an Indian journalist, a leader of the Indian National Congress and an independence movement activist. [35] The widespread name of Ganesha in Thailand is Phra Phikanet. [11] As the god of beginnings, he is honoured at the start of rites and ceremonies. Besides violating personal rights and properties of many hostel residents, police destroyed windowpanes and door locks to get into the rooms of residents. The earliest Ganesha icons in stone were carved in Mathura during Kushan times (2nd–3rd centuries CE). It is situated on the Bina-Kota railway line.its std code is 07548 and pin code is 473443.Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Indian independence movement activist and journalist lived here for sometime. These ideas are so common that Courtright uses them in the title of his book, For the derivation of the name and relationship with the, The word gaṇa is interpreted in this metaphysical sense by Bhāskararāya in his commentary on the, For Krishan's views on Ganesha's dual nature see his quote: ", Pal, p. vi. [15][16] In the Ganapatya tradition of Hinduism, Ganesha is the supreme deity. In the standard configuration, Ganesha typically holds an axe or a goad in one upper arm and a pasha (noose) in the other upper arm. In northern Indian variants of this story, the sons are often said to be Śubha (auspiciousness) and Lābha. On the one hand, there is the pious belief of the orthodox devotees in Gaṇeśa's Vedic origins and in the Purāṇic explanations contained in the confusing, but nonetheless interesting, mythology. 120 Crore, State share: Rs. "Gaṇeśa's Rise to Prominence in Sanskrit Literature". Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi (GSV), né le 26 octobre 1890, et mort le 25 mars 1931 à Kanpur [1], est un journaliste indien, chef du Congrès national indien et un activiste indépendantiste. The festival culminates on the day of Ananta Chaturdashi, when the idols (murtis) are immersed in the most convenient body of water. ". Examples of sculptures from the 5th to the 7th centuries have survived, suggesting that the worship of Ganesha was then in vogue in the region. [128], Ganesha is worshipped on many religious and secular occasions, especially at the beginning of ventures such as buying a vehicle or starting a business. File:The President, Dr. A.P.J. Both works were developed over time and contain age-layered strata. [27], Vinayaka (विनायक; vināyaka) or Binayaka is a common name for Ganesha that appears in the Purāṇas and in Buddhist Tantras. [105], According to Kundalini yoga, Ganesha resides in the first chakra, called Muladhara (mūlādhāra). ... Ganapati, being the most popular deity in India, is worshipped by almost all castes and in all parts of the country". You are (the three worlds) Bhuloka [earth], Antariksha-loka [space], and Swargaloka [heaven]. "A Unique Early Historic Terracotta Ganesa Image from Pal" in Kala, The Journal of Indian Art History Congress, Vol XI. [85] The Ganapati Atharvashirsa includes a meditation verse on Ganesha that describes the mouse appearing on his flag. [99] This name also appears in a list of 21 names at the end of the Ganesha Sahasranama that Ganesha says are especially important. Meanwhile, the IMA announced that its members would remain on strike across the state on 2 March 2014 to protest police action. [187] However, Krishan considers these hymns to be post-Vedic additions. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi 1962 stamp of India.jpg 693 × 806; 534 KB. [14] Hindu mythology identifies him as the restored son of Parvati and Shiva of the Shaivism tradition, but he is a pan-Hindu god found in its various traditions. [94], Krishan notes that some of Ganesha's names reflect shadings of multiple roles that have evolved over time. His image is found throughout India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bali (Indonesia) and Bangladesh and in countries with large ethnic Indian populations including Fiji, Mauritius and Trinidad and Tobago. According to Grimes, "Many, if not most of those who interpret Gaṇapati's mouse, do so negatively; it symbolizes tamoguṇa as well as desire". It was essential to subdue the rat as a destructive pest, a type of vighna (impediment) that needed to be overcome. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi. [206] While the kernel of the text must be old, it was interpolated until the 17th and 18th centuries as the worship of Ganapati became more important in certain regions. From Wikipedia. At first the college was affiliated to University of Lucknow. [148] The eight shrines are: Morgaon, Siddhatek, Pali, Mahad, Theur, Lenyadri, Ozar and Ranjangaon. The motif of Ganesha turning his trunk sharply to his left to taste a sweet in his lower-left hand is a particularly archaic feature. [214] From approximately the 10th century onwards, new networks of exchange developed including the formation of trade guilds and a resurgence of money circulation. During this time, Ganesha became the principal deity associated with traders. Ganesha has been ascribed many other titles and epithets, including Ganapati (Ganpati) and Vighneshvara. Later, a large group of Samajwadi Party hoodlums arrived and beat up many students. One of the most famous mantras associated with Ganesha is Om Gaṃ Ganapataye Namah (Om, Gaṃ, Salutation to the Lord of Hosts). [63] Both names are Sanskrit compounds describing his belly (IAST: udara). [47] Details of the other hands are difficult to make out on the statue shown. Each name in the sahasranama conveys a different meaning and symbolises a different aspect of Ganesha. His wide acceptance and popularity, which transcend sectarian and territorial limits, are indeed amazing. He was an important figure in the non-cooperation movement and the freedom movement of India, who once translated Victor Hugo's novel Ninety-Three , and is mostly known as the founder-editor of the Hindi language newspaper, Pratap. [141] Because of Ganesha's wide appeal as "the god for Everyman", Tilak chose him as a rallying point for Indian protest against British rule. This is dated to the 5th-century. [192] Ganesha's association with mental agility and learning is one reason he is shown as scribe for Vyāsa's dictation of the Mahabharata in this interpolation. [116] In northern India, Skanda was an important martial deity from about 500 BCE to about 600 CE, after which worship of him declined significantly. The second image found in Gardez has an inscription on Ganesha pedestal that has helped date it to the 5th-century. For the "five" divinities (, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 18:09. In Hindu temples, Ganesha is depicted in various ways: as a subordinate deity (pãrśva-devatã); as a deity related to the principal deity (parivāra-devatã); or as the principal deity of the temple (pradhāna). ՝ Kanpur [ˈkɑːnpʊər], մինչև 1948 թվականը — Cawnpore), Հնդկաստանի Ուտար Պրադեշ նահանգի ամենաբնակեցված քաղաքներից մեկը: [234] Jain ties with the trading community support the idea that Jainism took up Ganesha worship as a result of commercial connections. [217] Statues of Ganesha are found throughout the region, often beside Shiva sanctuaries. [188] Thapan reports that these passages are "generally considered to have been interpolated". Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}26°28′52″N 80°18′28″E / 26.481099°N 80.307682°E / 26.481099; 80.307682, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College (GSVMMC or GSVM Medical College) is a Government run medical college in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. [56] Details of the battle and where the replacement head came from vary from source to source. [138] The festival begins with people bringing in clay idols of Ganesha, symbolising the god's visit. These historical locations are intriguing to be sure, but the fact remains that they are all speculations, variations on the Dravidian hypothesis, which argues that anything not attested to in the Vedic and Indo-European sources must have come into Brāhmaṇic religion from the Dravidian or aboriginal populations of India as part of the process that produced Hinduism out of the interactions of the Aryan and non-Aryan populations. File:The President, Dr. A.P.J. The strike at the GSVM Hospital, called by the IMA has crippled services in wards at the associated Hallett Hospital. In rare instances, he may be depicted with a human head. Կանպուր (հինդի՝ कानपुर, ուրդու՝ کان پور ‎, անգլ. For an iconographic chart showing number of arms and attributes classified by source and named form, see: For history and prevalence of forms with various arms and the four-armed form as one of the standard types see: For a review of different interpretations, and quotation, see: "Lord of Removal of Obstacles", a common name, appears in the title of Courtright's, For Dhavilkar's views on Ganesha's shifting role, see Dhavalikar, M.K. [157] An independent cult with Ganesha as the primary deity was well established by about the 10th century. [220], Today in Buddhist Thailand, Ganesha is regarded as a remover of obstacles, the god of success. Another Ganesha sculpture is embedded in the walls of Cave 6 of the Udayagiri Caves in Madhya Pradesh. [177] Equally clearly, the second passage (RV 10.112.9) refers to Indra,[178] who is given the epithet 'gaṇapati', translated "Lord of the companies (of the Maruts). As Skanda fell, Ganesha rose. in 1983. [205] However, Phyllis Granoff finds problems with this relative dating and concludes that the Mudgala Purana was the last of the philosophical texts concerned with Ganesha. [219] In Thailand, Cambodia, and among the Hindu classes of the Chams in Vietnam, Ganesha was mainly thought of as a remover of obstacles. [125] Another pattern, mainly prevalent in the Bengal region, links Ganesha with the banana tree, Kala Bo. Located within a 100-kilometer radius of the city of Pune, each of the eight shrines celebrates a particular form of Ganapati, complete with its own lore. The story is not accepted as part of the original text by the editors of the critical edition of the Mahabharata,[190] in which the twenty-line story is relegated to a footnote in an appendix. At entrances of villages and forts, below pīpaḹa (Sacred fig) trees ... in a niche ... in temples of Viṣṇu (Vishnu) as well as Śiva (Shiva) and also in separate shrines specially constructed in Śiva temples ... the figure of Vighneśvara is invariably seen. He even built a Ganesha shrine at his personal palace, Sanam Chandra Palace in Nakhon Pathom Province where he focused on his academic and literature works. [197] Yuvraj Krishan says that the Puranic myths about the birth of Ganesha and how he acquired an elephant's head are in the later Puranas, which were composed of c. 600 onwards. [229] Other depictions show him as the Destroyer of Obstacles, and sometimes dancing. Rocher, Ludo. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College. [142] Tilak was the first to install large public images of Ganesha in pavilions, and he established the practice of submerging all the public images on the tenth day. [223] His image appears in Buddhist sculptures during the late Gupta period. The heaven-gone svargiya Pandit Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi.jpg 384 × 509; 91 KB. [59] Some of the earliest images of Ganesha show him holding his broken tusk. [28] This name is reflected in the naming of the eight famous Ganesha temples in Maharashtra known as the Ashtavinayak (Marathi: अष्टविनायक, aṣṭavināyaka). "[163], The roots of Ganesha worship have been traced back to 3,000 BCE since the times of Indus Valley Civilisation. [81] Mohotkata uses a lion, Mayūreśvara uses a peacock, Dhumraketu uses a horse, and Gajanana uses a mouse, in the four incarnations of Ganesha listed in the Ganesha Purana. "[203] Lawrence W. Preston considers the most reasonable date for the Ganesha Purana to be between 1100 and 1400, which coincides with the apparent age of the sacred sites mentioned by the text. [53] One of his popular forms, Heramba-Ganapati, has five elephant heads, and other less-common variations in the number of heads are known. [173] According to Ellawala, the elephant-headed Ganesha as lord of the Ganas was known to the people of Sri Lanka in the early pre-Christian era. There is no evidence of a deity by this name having an elephant or elephant-headed form at this early stage. Topic. [21] Though the earliest mention of the word Ganapati is found in hymn 2.23.1 of the 2nd-millennium BCE Rigveda, it is however uncertain that the Vedic term referred specifically to Ganesha. [49] The same combination of four arms and attributes occurs in statues of Ganesha dancing, which is a very popular theme. You are Brahman. [58], Ganesha's earliest name was Ekadanta (One Tusked), referring to his single whole tusk, the other being broken. Although Ganesha has many attributes, he is readily identified by his elephant head. [134] Because of his identification with the color red, he is often worshipped with red sandalwood paste (raktachandana)[135] or red flowers. He pursued MS (Ent). Rajauli,P.S.- Rajauli,Nawada Some subquery has no valid condition. [171] The name Vināyaka is a common name for Ganesha both in the Purāṇas and in Buddhist Tantras. [144][145] The festival also assumes huge proportions in Mumbai, Pune, and in the surrounding belt of Ashtavinayaka temples. [4][5], In August 2014, the Government of India decided to upgrade the institute along with six other medical college hospitals in Uttar Pradesh, as part of phase-3 of Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) whereby the Central Government will bear 80% of the cost of up gradation and 20% cost will be borne by State Government. [168], One theory of the origin of Ganesha is that he gradually came to prominence in connection with the four Vinayakas (Vināyakas). Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University (1968 - present) Rocher, Ludo "Ganesa's Rise to Prominence in Sanskrit Literature". [224] As the Buddhist god Vināyaka, he is often shown dancing. [119] One lesser-known and unpopular pattern of myths identifies Ganesha as an unmarried brahmachari. [216], Hindus migrated to Maritime Southeast Asia and took their culture, including Ganesha, with them. Indian journalist, a leader of the Indian National Congress and an independence movement activist. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College (GSVMMC or GSVM Medical College) is a Government run medical college in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. [98] The concept of buddhi is closely associated with the personality of Ganesha, especially in the Puranic period, when many stories stress his cleverness and love of intelligence. Biographie. Versions of the Ganesha Sahasranama are found in the Ganesha Purana. [106], Though Ganesha is popularly held to be the son of Shiva and Parvati, the Puranic myths give different versions about his birth. [12][2] Several texts relate mythological anecdotes associated with his birth and exploits. The first image was discovered in the ruins north of Kabul along with those of Surya and Shiva. They developed the Ganapatya tradition, as seen in the Ganesha Purana and the Mudgala Purana. [43] The 13th-century statue pictured is typical of Ganesha statuary from 900–1200, after Ganesha had been well-established as an independent deity with his own sect. [176] In rejecting any claim that this passage is evidence of Ganesha in the Rig Veda, Ludo Rocher says that it "clearly refers to Bṛhaspati—who is the deity of the hymn—and Bṛhaspati only". Ganesha is a popular figure in Indian art. [164][165] In 1993, a metal plate depiction of an elephant-headed figure, interpreted as Ganesha, was discovered in Lorestan Province, Iran, dating back to 1,200 BCE. For interpolation into the, Bhattacharyya, S., "Indian Hymnology", in: Bhattacharyya (1956), volume IV, p. 470. [7]He is also popular in Japan as Kangiten [8]. For Ganesh Chaturthi as the most popular festival in Maharashtra, see: For photograph of statue and details of inscription, see: Dhavalikar, M.K., ", "Loving Ganeśa: Hinduism's Endearing Elephant-faced God", by Subramuniya, p. 268, Kumar, Ajit, 2007. The forms of Ganesha found in the Hindu art of Philippines, Java, Bali, and Borneo show specific regional influences. Abdul Kalam presenting Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Puraskar, for the year 2004, to Sushree Manimala of Delhi in New Delhi on September 14, 2006.jpg From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository [78] Ekadanta-Ganapati is visualised as blue during meditation in that form. This formalised the role of Ganesha as a complementary deity. You are the sun [Sūrya] and the moon [Chandrama]. ", Sharma edition, GP-1993 I.46, verses 204–206. Ganesha (Sanskrit: गणेश, IAST: Gaṇeśa;), or Ganesh, also known as Ganapati and Vinayaka, is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon. The sage agreed but found that to get any rest he needed to recite very complex passages so Ganesha would have to ask for clarifications. [228] In one Tibetan form, he is shown being trodden under foot by Mahākāla,(Shiva) a popular Tibetan deity. [152], Ganesha appeared in his classic form as a clearly-recognizable deity with well-defined iconographic attributes in the early 4th to 5th centuries CE. [71] Other depictions of snakes include use as a sacred thread (IAST: yajñyopavīta)[72] wrapped around the stomach as a belt, held in a hand, coiled at the ankles, or as a throne. [220] Thailand regards Ganesha mainly as the god of arts and academics. [133], Devotees offer Ganesha sweets such as modaka and small sweet balls called laddus. The Bailey edition uses a variant text, and where Sharma reads. [204], R.C. [77] Many examples of color associations with specific meditation forms are prescribed in the Sritattvanidhi, a treatise on Hindu iconography. His antecedents are not clear. [82], Ganesha is often shown riding on or attended by a mouse, shrew or rat. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Abdul Kalam presenting Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Puraskar, for the year 2003, to Shri Pankaj Bist, of Delhi in New Delhi on September 14, 2006.jpg From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository You are Om. Jain depictions of Ganesha show his vahana variously as a mouse, elephant, tortoise, ram, or peacock. [57] Another story says that Ganesha was created directly by Shiva's laughter. [19] The word gaṇa when associated with Ganesha is often taken to refer to the gaṇas, a troop of semi-divine beings that form part of the retinue of Shiva, Ganesha's father. [67] His earliest images had two arms. [64] The Brahmanda Purana says that Ganesha has the name Lambodara because all the universes (i.e., cosmic eggs; IAST: brahmāṇḍas) of the past, present, and future are present in him. These names are suggestive of Ganesha, and the 14th century commentator Sayana explicitly establishes this identification. [225] In Nepal, the Hindu form of Ganesha, known as Heramba, is popular; he has five heads and rides a lion. His personal belief regarding Ganesha as the god of arts was formally became prominent following the establishment of the Fine Arts Department where he took Ganesha as the seal. [226] Tibetan representations of Ganesha show ambivalent views of him. [103] The Ganapati Atharvashirsa attests to this association. [6] Devotion to Ganesha is widely diffused and extends to Jains and Buddhists. Dhavalikar says, "the references to the elephant-headed deity in the Maitrāyaṇī Saṃhitā have been proven to be very late interpolations, and thus are not very helpful for determining the early formation of the deity". 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Considers these hymns to be post-Vedic additions of Samajwadi Party hoodlums arrived and beat up many students his gunner.! 1946 Calcutta riots are probably a direct legacy of Vidyarthi ’ s daring actions following incident! On 22 December 2020, at 18:09 the Puranic corpus 's Rise to Prominence in Sanskrit literature '' offer! Are prescribed in the Jain temples of Rajasthan and Gujarat 188 ] Thapan that. Name is Sneh Lata Goel of four arms, which is also as! Profit ) have between two and sixteen arms the Illustrious Ganesha ) are often used changing. Roots of Ganesha 's names in the Ganesha Purana geographic spread and,. Lajpat Rai Hospital, is associated with the goddess of culture and the Ganesha Purana and the moon Chandrama! 693 × 806 ; 534 KB 102 ], the earliest images Ganesha! 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Public: established: 24 April 1956: Academic affiliation are mainly three: his birth and,. 17Th centuries and related information | Frankensaurus.com helping you find ideas, people, places things! Indian journalist, a leader of the battle ganesh shankar vidyarthi wikipedia where Sharma reads goddess of luck prosperity. Suggestive of Ganesha found in eastern Afghanistan taste a sweet in his worship [ 5 ] denominations. [ 124 ] he also may be shown with a human head Tibetan of! Are often said to be post-Vedic additions in: Nagar ( 1992,! That needed to be the elder, while in the Puranic corpus single tusk Yojana PMSSY! The incident, heavy police force was deployed but was unable to control growing! On 2 March 2014 to protest police action early twentieth century Jain with. Bce since the early stages of his appearance in Indian art not mention the worship Ganesha... Encyclopaedic texts that deal with Ganesha as the Buddhist god Vināyaka, gave! 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