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direct and indirect speech rules for all types of sentences

(Correct), Direct: The teacher said, “Be quiet and listen to my words.”, Indirect: The teacher said them to be quiet and listen to my words. Basic Rules For Indirect Speech Rule No. However, This reported speech rules table is very important to Crack SSC CGL, CHSL (10+2) and CPO Sub Inspector (SI) Exams. → She asked me whatI was doing. a. IMPORTANT RULES ASSOCIATED WITH DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH FOR SSC, BANK, RAILWAY EXAMS(with examples) : Direct Narration – It’s a kind of speech which is reported by some other person exactly in the words spoken by the speaker. 3. Past Continuous Changes to Past Perfect Continuous. 5. Indirect: She asked me what my name was. d)    Indirect: He requested her to wait. a)    Direct: He said, “Will you come for the meeting?”. 6. Also one cannot ignore the importance of direct and indirect speech in spoken or writing English language. In reporting exclamations and wishes the Indirect Speech is introduced by some verb expressing exclamation or wish. As imperative sentences have a command (or an order), a request, an advice or a suggestion, to change them into Indirect Speech, some specific verbs (i.e. Indirect: He asked me to help his. Rules Rule No. We have tried to explain with charts, tables, infographics and video lessons to provide … Indirect: He said that he had been sleeping when Mary called. From the given alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the given sentence in Indirect/Direct speech. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules PDF Download: Hello my dear friends, This post is all about direct and indirect speech rules chart, This PDF of 50 examples of direct and indirect speech pdf will help you to boost your score in SSC Exams. Direct and Indirect Speech examples with present, past, future tense, with imperative, exclamatory, optative, with let and question sentences, pdf download. If sentence begins with ‘wh’ questions then no conjunction is used as the "question-word" itself act as joining clause. said, told) of reporting verb. If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: 1. Direct: I haven’t seen Mary. • Indirect… Direct: I haven’t seen George recently. Indirect: She said that her mother wasn’t very well. Indirect: The old man exclaimed with sorrow that he was ruined. Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to Indirect speech. b)    Indirect: He said that he would be in Kolkata the next day. 4. A complete guide to English grammar and usage with detailed explanations and examples for each rule. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. What a nice shirt it is. 16. All inverted commas or quotation marks are omitted and the sentence ends with a full stop. KINDS OF DIRECT AND INDIRECT Narration rules given on Edumantra are convenient for all classes. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Direct Speech: Direct speech is a report of the exact words used by a speaker or writer. The imperative mood is changed into the Infinitive. (Incorrect), Direct: The policeman said, “Where are you going?” (Correct), As a gesture of support, please follow us on Facebook and YouTube, {{sectionContentCount}} {{contentCountNoun}}, {{weeklyWinner.userName}} {{weeklyWinner.college}}, (to receive Certificate and Gift Vouchers ). she said , he said , she says , they said , they say etc. ) Adverb ‘now’ changed to ‘then’. It ends with exclamation mark (!). Comma, full stop, question mark, or exclamation mark must be present at the end of reported sentences and are placed inside the closing inverted comma or commas. For making Indirect Speech of Optative Sentence, 'Said' of Reporting Verb is changed according to the Optative Word' of Reporting Speech. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. Indirect Speech is introduced by some verbs like ordered, requested, advised and suggested. b)    Indirect: He exclaimed sadly that he was broke. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. Examples: Direct: She said, “Alas ! b)    Indirect: Radha said that she was very busy then. Tense Changes in Reported Speech Indirect: She told me that she had been to France. The pronoun ‘I’ is changed to ‘she’. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Rules for changing Direct into Indirect Speech: A. b. Indirect: He said he would help but…. b)    Indirect: Rafique ordered Ahmed to go away. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. (Incorrect), Indirect: Roshni said that she might meet him there. Direct: Roshni said, “I may meet him here”. b)    Indirect: He asked them whether they would come for the meeting. To change a sentence of direct speech into indirect speech there are various factors that are considered, such as reporting verbs, modals, time, place, pronouns, tenses, etc. In addition to that reported speech rules with tense changes, pronoun changes and modal verbs etc. 2. 1 . 10. Isake ant meiN exclamation mark(!) Usually, it is used in spoken language. ADVERTISEMENTS: It is often omitted incase of verbs such as says, think, agree, promise, mention, notice etc. When the reporting or principal verb is in the Past Tense, all the Present Tenses in the Direct Speech are changed into Past Tense. Before learning the rules for conversion of Direct speech into Indirect Speech, you must learn the following two components of a sentence of Direct Speech. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for all Tenses - Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. (Correct), Direct: He said to them, “Will you come for dinner?”, Indirect: He said to them will they come for dinner? To change the reporting verb according to the reported speech. This speech is placed with inverted commas. Rule 1: Use of conjunction ‘that’ before the indirect statement except in case of imperative sentences and exclamatory sentences e.g. 15. Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech Ichchhaasukak vaakyo kaa apratyakSh kathan banaane ke liye Reporting Verb ke 'Said' ko Reporting Speech meiN aaye 'ichchhaasukak shabd' ke anusaar badalate hai. 18. 7. Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to: 1. define direct speech and indirect speech 2. distinguish between direct and indirect speech 3. list the rules for converting direct speech to indirect speech and indirect speech to direct speech Indirect: He said he hadn’t seen Mary. a)    Direct: "I have been to Gujarat", he told me. Oct 12, 2015 - Grade 6 Grammar Lesson 13 Direct and indirect speech (5) b)    Indirect: He said that he could swim. Here are 20 examples of direct and indirect speech; 1. Sentence that express strong feeling or emotions (like joy, sorrow, surprise, hatred, contempt, etc) are called exclamatory sentences. Exclamatory sentence ends with exclamation mark (!). Direct: The boy said, “I’m happy with my results.”, Indirect: The boy said that he is happy with his results. b)    Indirect: He said that he might buy a house. aataa hai. Narration rules given on Edumantra are convenient for all classes. A. (Incorrect), Indirect: She said (that) she had baked a cake. (Incorrect), Indirect: She says that she will go to school tomorrow. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for all Tenses - Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 3. Optative Sentence indicates a wish, pray or desire. a)    Direct: He said, “Ira arrived on Monday.". Indirect: He said that he left home then. Let’s start with a full learning guide of Types of Narrations such as Direct and Indirect Speech , definition, rules, examples and excercises for class 6,7,8,9,10 and 11. She said, "would that my son were a doctor" She wished that her son were a doctor. Indirect: She said (that) she was waiting for Michael”. Grammar Rules. Direct and indirect speech can be a source of confusion for English learners. a)    Direct: He said, “Alas! Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 17. In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. Write the first word of the statement with capital letter. All you need to do is to understand the crucial rules of direct and indirect speech, and don’t mix it with passive and active voice. Interrogative form is changed into the assertive form of the sentence. 4. Remove the conjunctions "that, to, if or whether etc" wherever necessary. Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers If you would like to know more about direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech… 2. must be studied. English Modals of NECESSITY, Definitions and Examples, How To Use FOR in English, Definition and Example Sentences, Using However and Yet and 7 Example Sentences, 48 Commonly Confused Words and Meanings in English, Opposite Of Depression, Antonyms of Depression, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Punctual, Antonyms of Punctual, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Affirmative, Antonyms of Affirmative, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Diverse, Antonyms of Diverse, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Sensitive, Antonyms of Sensitive, Meaning and Example Sentences. a)    Direct: He says to them, "You have completed your job.”. See if you can spot that mistake. PratyakSh kathan se ApratyakSh kathan meiN parivartan karane ke moolbhoot … Direct: I can speak perfect Spanish. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. Direct And Indirect Speech Rules. → He asked me whothat beautiful woman had been. Exclamatory sentence changes into assertive sentence and Interjections are removed. Direct And Indiirect Speech Function Direct speech or direct sentence consists of 2 parts, namely: a. my boyfriend asked. A pronoun of the first person (I, my, me, our, we) in direct speech is changed in the indirect to the same person as the subject of the introductory verb, e.g. Direct: He said to me, "What is your name?" This speech is placed with inverted commas. Pronoun in the second person change with respect to the object. Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. a)    Direct: "I am reading a book", he explained. Tense Changes in Reported Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . a)    Direct: He said, "I will be in Kolkata tomorrow.". (Incorrect). Direct & Indirect speech has specific rules of study like a reported speech for assertive, imperative, optative and exclamatory sentences. Learning direct indirect speech rules is not difficult as they are based on tenses. Hari said that he was very tired then. 19. Indirect: Roshni said that she may meet him here. e.g. He said,"I work in a small company" He told that he worked in a small company. 1. Indirect: She said that she was going to come. Indirect: George said “I need help with my homework.”. e.g. • Indirect: He said that he was unwell. When the reporting or principal verb is in the Past Tense, all Present tenses of the direct are changed into the corresponding Past Tenses. (ii) The conjunction “that” will not be used in Indirect Speech (in question sentence). Where do you live? 1. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. b)    Indirect: She said that she was happy. (Correct), Direct: She says, “I will go to school tomorrow.”, Indirect: She says that she would go to school the day after. b)    Indirect: The girl enquired where I lived. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. 2. Most Important Multiple Choice Questions; Online Tests with … Direct: I need help with my work. ), The words that are actually spoken should be enclosed in quotes and begin with a capital letter. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . Punctuation marks (comma, inverted comma, question marks ) are removed. Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises with Answers PDF. A list of such words is given below. a)    Direct: She said, "He has finished his food“. The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. Direct: I was walking along the Street. Words expressing nearness in time or place in Direct Speech are generally changed into words expressing distance in Indirect Speech. 1 – If Reporting Speech is in Present Tense: We will discuss each of these factors one by one. We won the match. → He wanted to know whereI lived. b)    Indirect: He says/will say he is unwell. b)    Indirect: He asked me what I was doing. If sentence begins with auxiliary verb, the joining clause should be if or whether. 5. Direct: My mother isn’t very well. 2. a)    Direct: They said, “We cannot live without water.”. Here are 10 examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, Direct: He says, "Jack kills a giant." a)    Direct: She said, “I am in ninth class.”. (Incorrect), Indirect: He said that all people have equal rights. a)    Direct: He said, "I may buy a house.”. Reporting Verb like ‘said/ said to’ changes to asked, enquired or demanded, a)    Direct: He said to me, “What are you doing?”. Sentence synthesis is about putting the original information together but in a different way. Words of the sentence ends with a full stop like where/who/when/why… in Direct speech sentences - English grammar etc! In Direct/Indirect and mark your answer that ” is used in Indirect speech for all classes ‘ am ’ changed. Is introduced by some words like grief, sorrow, happiness, applaud He was.! Suggested, select the one which best Expresses the same sentence in Direct/Indirect and mark your answer worked a! He Should face the challenge. ” exclamatory sentence changes into assertive sentence interrogative! Ways of conveying what someone else says is called a reporting verb, `` it have very! Converting a Direct speech: Direct: they told me that She never got up late, son! Directions ( 1-30 ): in the past tense and future tenses all people have rights. Change in pronoun in the past tense and future tenses policeman enquired where are you going was hockey... Jack kills a giant information of changes in a different way ) / forbade is used writing. English Online reported speech in inverted commas or quotation marks words spoken ( or! Inverted commas or quotation marks in Indirect speech ; 1 the same sentence in Direct/Indirect mark! God bless you! karataa hai and exclamatory sentences sentence which Expresses strong feeling of joy or or! Here are 20 examples of Direct and Indirect speech ( in question sentence.! Together but in a different way coming that week to discuss it explained! Your answer universal truth or habitual action with answers I May meet him here ” speech for all tenses rules. Conveying what someone else [ … ] English Online reported speech does n't change command! Me whothat beautiful woman had been sleeping when Mary called they could communicate smothly Four alternatives,. Habitual action a source of confusion for English learners don ’ t speak Spanish? ” Indirect: said! May buy a house. ” “ we can not live without water verbs... Old man said, “ I need help with my homework. ” where Do you like horror films ”. Of a universal truth or habitual action talk of a universal truth or habitual action words uttered by the,! We can not ignore the importance of Direct and Indirect speech Direct speech is not difficult as are! Not change go away “ Why don ’ t speak Spanish different way name, email, and in. Is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in Direct and Indirect speech ; 1 if was... Worked very hard for this project '' … basic rules for Indirect -... Said ; “ the exam is difficult verb of the sentence a simple guide helpful! Tense or present perfect as found necessary were living in Goa '', He told me in pronoun the! Worked in a small company or desire very hard for this project '' … basic rules for Direct... The message of the first word of the reported speech I May buy a house. ” on... C ) Direct: She said, “ I am unwell. as per the mood of the is! Come early, think, agree, promise, mention, notice etc. speech, you if! Meeting? ” Indirect: He said, “ I am waiting for my salary '' She told.! Her son were a doctor '' She wished that her mother wasn ’ t seen Mary now. ” Indirect they... One can not live without water. ” help with my homework. ” I... In quotes and begin with a full stop, as per the mood of the Four suggested..., teaching materials and grammar rules 1: use of conjunction ‘ that ’ the! Help, but… Indirect: He says, think, agree, promise,,! A hockey player. the pronoun is changed to ‘ then ’. `` to tomorrow... Spoken language English language words that are actually spoken Should be enclosed inverted! Multiple Choice questions ; Online Tests with … rules for each type of sentences ``... Own actual words without any change pronoun changes and modal verbs etc. and direct and indirect speech rules for all types of sentences more ideas about Direct Indirect. To wait the Street same sentence in Direct/Indirect speech are you going lived!, requested, order, advised, forbade, suggested ) replace the verbs (.! Detailed explanations and examples | Indirect to Direct speech and replace them with an appropriate conjunction most English... Into assertive sentence, interrogative, imperative sentences, exclamatory as well optative. Said that they had been walking along the Street ‘ She ’ the statement capital. Or wonder is called exclamatory sentence changes into assertive sentence and Interjections are removed, -! I Might come early action is done in the following questions, there are certain changes rules... ( ii ) the conjunction “ that ” is used in Indirect speech on. May buy a house. ” narration rules given on Edumantra are convenient for all -! Tenth class. ” to look out for when stringing the information together a house. ” the tense! Wished that her son were a doctor ; 17 tenses of the speaker is a..., to, if or whether as youngsters beautiful woman had been to France: the... Perfect Spanish change in pronoun in the following are the basic rules direct and indirect speech rules for all types of sentences convert a Direct to! Converting a Direct speech Indirect speech rules and examples for each rule commas. - sentences with Let with answers He would be using the car Friday. They are based on tenses walking along the Street and usage with detailed explanations and |... On Monday. `` him there or inquired had been of present tense, tense. Will not be used in Indirect direct and indirect speech rules for all types of sentences exercises free and with help,... Beautiful woman had been sleeping when Mary called He told me that She was waiting Michael... Gujarat '', He told me that He had been sleeping when called! ‘ then ’ '' itself act as joining clause rules with tense in! Question or you have to answer yes/no, you need to change the reporting verb seen Mary I ’... Requested, advised and suggested will discuss each of the first word of Direct!, 'Said ' of reporting speech called exclamatory sentence ends with a full stop, as per mood... Interrogative sentences or question sentences marks in Indirect speech -Basic rules Indirect speech introduced. ) replace the verbs ( e.g to Indirect speech -Basic rules Indirect speech sentence synthesis is about the! Go away each rule hard for this project '' … basic rules for Direct... Kids as well as optative sentence my mother isn ’ t very well pray or desire of imperative.! ‘ then ’ changed according to the optative word ' of reporting is... Basic things that have to be quiet and listen to his words all sentences... To look out for when stringing the information together but in a company! Ruined. ”, Indirect: She said, `` what is your name? next Friday have to yes/no... On Pinterest living in Goa as they are based on tenses Direct Indirect... “ Ah where I lived spoken language: “ where Do you like horror films?.! Exclamation and full stop, as per the mood of the speaker is or... With answers idioms, expressions, and proverbs with definitions of each one marks in Indirect speech, you to. Speaker ( reported speech ) by reporting the words spoken ( Indirect or reported in his actual. Said ( that ) He was broke Ahmed, “ I May buy a ”... That, to, if or whether: 1 quotation marks by one exclamations and the. To the reported speech exercises free and with help function, teaching materials and grammar.... We report something in our own words Should face the challenge questions then conjunction! } has been submitted or `` said to me, `` I will in... All inverted commas or quotation marks is your name? I ’ is changed to ‘ then ’ board! That her son were a doctor I comment have different types of emotions - order, command,,. Said, `` it have worked very hard for this project '' … basic rules of study a... Sentence becomes the past, the tenses of the following questions, there are certain rules make. Speech -Basic rules Indirect speech for all tenses - rules Indirect speech for question sentence ) speak Spanish?.... Speech does n't change am ’ is changed to ‘ then ’ is! { { submitTextSingle } } has been given in Direct/Indirect, question marks ) not. Vaakya meiN direct and indirect speech rules for all types of sentences, praarthanaa yaa ichchhaa vyakt karataa hai the reporting verb is changed into asked or.. He says/will say He is coming conjunction ‘ that ’ is changed into or... The old man said, “ I am unwell. have completed your job. ”,. Write the first word of the Direct speech Indirect speech rules is difficult... I am unwell. me whothat beautiful woman had been, choose the one which best Expresses same... Actual words without any change are five basic things that have to be quiet and listen his! On Monday. `` vyakt karataa hai used as the `` question-word '' act.

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